Incentive systems

Guidelines and principles for remuneration to senior executives


Resolution on guidelines for remuneration to senior executives at the AGM 2020
These guidelines cover members of the Board of Directors, the CEO and other senior executives in Ratos’s management team. The guidelines are applicable to remuneration agreed, and amendments to remuneration already agreed, after adoption of the guidelines by the annual general meeting 2020. These guidelines do not apply to any remuneration decided or approved by the general meeting.

The guidelines’ promotion of the company’s business strategy, long-term interests and sustainability
Read more about the company’s business strategy and longterm interests, including its sustainability.

A prerequisite for the successful implementation of the company’s business strategy and safeguarding of its long-term interests, including its sustainability, is that the company is able to recruit and retain qualified personnel. To this end, it is necessary that the company offers competitive remuneration. These guidelines enable the company to offer the executive management a competitive total remuneration.

Long-term share-related incentive plans have been implemented in the company. Such plans have been resolved by the general meeting and are therefore excluded from these guidelines. Read more about these below.

Variable cash remuneration covered by these guidelines shall aim at promoting the company’s business strategy and long-term interests, including its sustainability.

Types of remuneration, etc.
The remuneration to senior executives shall be on market terms and may consist of the following components: fixed cash salary, variable cash remuneration, pension benefits and other benefits. Additionally, the general meeting may – irrespective of these guidelines – resolve on, among other things, share-related or share price-related remuneration.

The satisfaction of criteria for awarding variable cash remuneration shall be measured over a period of one year. The variable cash remuneration may amount to not more than 100 per cent of the total fixed annual cash salary. Further variable cash remuneration may be awarded in extraordinary circumstances, provided that such extraordinary arrangements are limited in time and only made on an individual basis, either for the purpose of retaining executives, or as remuneration for extraordinary performance beyond the individual’s ordinary tasks. Such remuneration may not exceed an amount corresponding to 25 per cent of the fixed annual cash salary and may not be paid more than once each year per individual. Any resolution on such remuneration shall be made by the Board of Directors based on a proposal from the compensation committee.

For the CEO, pension benefits, including health insurance (Sw: sjukförsäkring), shall be premium defined. Variable cash remuneration shall not qualify for pension benefits. The pension premiums for premium defined pension shall amount to not more than 30 per cent of the fixed annual cash salary.

For other senior executives, pension benefits, including health insurance, shall be premium defined. Variable cash remuneration shall not qualify for pension benefits. The pension premiums for premium defined pension shall amount to not more than 30 per cent of the fixed annual cash salary.

Other benefits may include, for example, reimbursements for dental care and health care (including medication), medical insurance (Sw: sjukvårdsförsäkring) and company cars. For the CEO, such benefits may be paid out to a customary limited extent.

Termination of employment
Upon termination of an employment, the notice period may not exceed twelve months. Fixed cash salary during the notice period and severance pay may not together exceed an amount corresponding to the fixed cash salary for six months for the CEO and twelve months for other senior executives. Additionally, remuneration may be paid for non-compete undertakings. Such remuneration shall compensate for loss of income, amount to not more than 60 per cent of the fixed monthly cash salary at the time of termination of employment, shall only be paid in so far as the previously employed senior executive is not entitled to severance pay and be paid during the time the non-compete undertaking applies, however not for more than twelve months following termination of employment for senior executives. When termination is made by the senior executive, the notice period may not exceed six months, without any right to severance pay.

Criteria for awarding variable cash remuneration, etc.
The variable cash remuneration shall be linked to predetermined and measurable criteria which can be financial or non-financial. They may be individualized quantitative or qualitative objectives. The criteria shall be designed so as to contribute to the company’s business strategy and long-term interests, including its sustainability, by for example being clearly linked to the business strategy or promote the executive’s long-term development. The proportion of variable cash remuneration varies depending on the senior executive’s position in the company. The portion of the variable cash remuneration linked to the outcome of financial criteria is normally 100 per cent for the CEO and the CFO, 85 per cent for the Business Area Managers and 65 per cent for other senior executives, even if the portion can be larger or smaller depending on the specific circumstances, and shall be dependent on (i) EBITA growth in Ratos’s company portfolio, (ii) growth in earnings before tax (EBT) for the Ratos group, and (in certain cases) (iii) EBITA growth for portfolio companies in the business area where a member of a business area team works. Variable cash remuneration is paid out in an amount of 50 per cent in the year after the remuneration is earned and 50 per cent in the year thereafter.

To which extent the criteria for awarding variable cash remuneration has been satisfied shall be evaluated/determined when the measurement period has ended. The Board of Directors is responsible for the evaluation so far as it concerns variable remuneration to the CEO, based on a proposal from the compensation committee. For variable cash remuneration to other senior executives, the CEO is responsible for the evaluation. For financial objectives, the starting point for the evaluation shall be the latest financial information made public by the company.

Salary and employment conditions for employees
In the preparation of the Board of Directors’ proposal for these remuneration guidelines, salary and employment conditions for employees of the company have been taken into account by including information on the employees’ total income, the components of the remuneration and increase and growth rate over time, in the compensation committee’s and the Board of Directors’ basis of decision when evaluating whether the guidelines and the limitations set out herein are reasonable. The development of the gap between the remuneration to the senior executives and remuneration to other employees will be disclosed in the remuneration report.

The decision-making process to determine, review and implement the guidelines
The Board of Directors has established a compensation committee. The committee’s tasks include preparing the Board of Directors’ decision to propose guidelines for executive remuneration. The Board of Directors shall prepare a proposal for new guidelines at least every fourth year and submit it to the annual general meeting. The guidelines shall be in force until new guidelines are adopted by the general meeting. The compensation committee shall also monitor and evaluate programs for variable remuneration for the executive management, the application of the guidelines for executive remuneration as well as the current remuneration structures and compensation levels in the company. The members of the compensation committee are independent of the company and its executive management. The CEO and other members of the executive management do not participate in the Board of Directors’ processing of and resolutions regarding remuneration-related matters in so far as they are affected by such matters.

Derogation from the guidelines
The Board of Directors may temporarily resolve to derogate from the guidelines, in whole or in part, if in a specific case there is special cause for the derogation and a derogation is necessary to serve the company’s long-term interests, including its sustainability, or to ensure the company’s financial viability. As set out above, the compensation committee’s tasks include preparing the Board of Directors’ resolutions in remuneration-related matters. This includes any resolutions to derogate from the guidelines.

Warrants and convertible debentures

The Annual General Meetings 2018 and 2019 resolved upon a long-term incentive program for the CEO and other key employees in Ratos consisting of convertible debentures and warrants (below jointly referred to as the “Instruments”), where participants are free to decide to which extent the offered Instruments shall consist of convertible debentures (which lasts for a maximum of 4 years) and/or warrants (which lasts for a maximum of 5 years).

As a requirement for the allotment of warrants, the employee must have signed an agreement with the company regarding repurchase right etc. in which inter alia the company or another buyer designated by the company has a right to redeem the warrants if the participant’s employment is terminated.

Ratos has issued and allocated a total of 2,424,339 Instruments to the participants, divided into 1,475,828 convertibles and 948,511 warrants, due to the above mentioned incentive programmes. Ratos convertible debenture loans amount to a nominal amount of in total more than SEK 35 million.

The increase of the company’s share capital could not amount to more than SEK 7,636,667.85 upon full conversion of the Instruments (based on the current quotient value and that no recalculation has been made in accordance with the terms), which corresponds to a dilution of approximately 0.76 per cent of Ratos shares at the time the Instruments were issued, based on the number of outstanding shares.

Terms of outstanding convertible debentures by 1 June 2020

Term Maturity date Subscription price, SEK/share Conversion price, SEK/share Right to purchase no. of shares Number of convertible debentures Corresponding number of shares
2018-06-08 2022-06-30 26.64 26.64 1 724,528 724,528
2019-06-14 2023-06-30 27.25 27.25 1 751,300 751,300
2020-06-01 2024-05-31 22.65  22.65   1 927,500 927,500
          2,403,328 2,403,328

 

Terms of outstanding warrants by 1 June 2020

Term Maturity date Warant value, SEK Subscription price, SEK/share Right to purchase no. of shares Number of warrants Number of repurchased Corresponding number of shares
2018-06-08 2023-06-08 3.301) 36.22 1 515,472 -85,661 429,811
2019-06-14 2024-06-14 3.931) 33.81 1 518,700   518,700
2020-06-01 2025-04-30 3.87  28.38 1 55,000   55,000
          1,089,172 -85,661 1,003,511

 

1) As the warrants are offered to the employees free of charge, the employees will thereby receive a benefit corresponding to the market value of the warrants at allocation (Warrant value). After subsidization the net cost for participant will amount to approximately 50 percent of the benefit value.

Call option programmes

Annual general meetings from 2001 up to and including 2017 have decided on call option programmes directed to senior executives and other key people within Ratos. Members of the Board of Ratos are not included in this offer. Employees have paid a market premium for the call options in all programmes. Acquisition of call options is subsidised by the purchaser receiving extra remuneration corresponding to a maximum of 50% of the option premium after deduction for 55% standard tax, whereby the remuneration is divided into equal parts for five years. Payment of remuneration is normally conditional upon continued employment and continued holding of options acquired from Ratos or shares acquired through the options. The call options are issued on treasury shares.

Terms of outstanding call options by 1 June 2020

Term Maturity date Price/ option, SEK Exercise
price, SEK
Number of options Corresponding number of shares
Call option 16 B 2021-03-19 4.80 40.70 453,000 453,000
Call option 17 B 2022-03-18 4.50 42.80 242,500 242,500
        695,500 695,500

 

Synthetic options

The 2017 Annual General Meeting, like all Annual General Meetings since 2007, resolved on a cash-based option programme related to Ratos’s investments in the companies. The programme is carried out through the issue of synthetic options that are transferred at market price. The programme gives the CEO and other key people within Ratos an opportunity to share in the investment result of the individual companies. Options related to an individual investment only have a value if Ratos’s annual return on the investment exceeds 8%. According to the 2017 option programme, the total value of the issued options at the closing date will be a maximum of 5% of the difference between the actual realised value for Ratos’s investment at the closing date and the cost increased by 8% per year. Acquisitions of synthetic options are subsidised by the purchaser receiving extra remuneration corresponding to a maximum of 50% of the option premium up to 5% of Ratos’s total investment in the relevant company after deduction for 55% standard tax, whereby the remuneration is divided into equal parts for four years and is normally conditional upon continued employment in the Ratos Group and continued holding of options acquired from Ratos.